Espresso is one of the most popular types of coffee. It is a small, concentrated serving of coffee with a rich flavour. The word espresso means “pressed out” in Italian, and it refers to the fact that this type of coffee is made by forcing hot water through finely-ground beans at high pressure.

Espresso coffee: The ultimate guide

Espresso has become a staple drink in bars and restaurants around the world, but it can also be made at home using an espresso machine.

What is espresso coffee?

Espresso is a strong, concentrated coffee drink that’s made by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground, compacted coffee beans. Because it’s so concentrated and contains very little water, espresso has a thick layer of crema on top–the Italian word for “cream”–and it comes in small cups (typically 1 oz/ 30 ml) compared to regular drip-brewed or French press coffee.


Espresso coffee is made by using an espresso machine, which uses a high-pressure extraction process to brew the coffee. The coffee beans used for espresso are usually roasted darker than those used for other brewing methods, resulting in a bold and intense flavour.

To make espresso, a small amount of finely ground coffee beans is placed into a portafilter, a small metal basket that fits into the machine. The coffee is then compacted and levelled using a tamper, which ensures even extraction. The portafilter is then attached to the espresso machine, which forces hot water through the coffee at high pressure.

Espresso machine coffee

The pressure used in the espresso brewing process typically ranges from 9 to 15 bars, which extracts the coffee’s oils and flavours in a short amount of time, usually around 25-30 seconds. The result is a concentrated shot of coffee with a thick, velvety texture and a layer of crema on top.

Espresso can be enjoyed on its own as a quick pick-me-up, or it can be used as a base for a variety of coffee drinks. Some popular espresso-based drinks include:

  • Cappuccino: A drink made with equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam.
  • Latte: A drink made with a shot of espresso and steamed milk, topped with a thin layer of milk foam.
  • Americano: A drink made with a shot of espresso and hot water.
  • Macchiato: A drink made with a shot of espresso and a small amount of steamed milk.

Overall, espresso is a beloved and versatile coffee brewing method that offers a unique and flavorful experience for coffee lovers.

The origin of espresso

The first espresso machine was invented by Angelo Moriondo in Turin, Italy in 1884. However, it was not until the early 1900s that espresso gained widespread popularity. In 1901, Luigi Bezzera patented a new type of espresso machine that used high pressure and steam to quickly extract coffee, resulting in a rich and flavorful shot.

Espresso quickly became popular in cafes and coffee houses throughout Italy, and by the 1920s, espresso machines were being exported to other parts of Europe and the United States. In Italy, espresso became an integral part of daily life and a symbol of Italian culture, with its own unique rituals and social customs.

Today, espresso is enjoyed by millions of people around the world and is a staple of many coffee shops and cafes. It has also given rise to a variety of other coffee-based beverages, such as cappuccino and latte, which are made by combining espresso with steamed milk.

Espresso bean

Espresso beans are a type of coffee bean that are specifically selected and roasted to be used in making espresso, a strong and concentrated coffee beverage. These beans are typically dark-roasted, which gives them a rich, bold flavour with notes of chocolate and caramel. Espresso beans are also often blended with other coffee beans to create a unique flavour profile.

Espresso bean aroma

An espresso bean is the seed of a coffee plant, and it’s what you use to brew your cup of joe. The most common varieties are arabica (which has a milder flavour) and robusta (which has more caffeine).

The size of an espresso bean varies depending on the variety, but generally speaking, it measures between 1/4 inch (6 mm) and 5/8 inch (16 mm) long by 3/16 inch (.5 cm) wide at its widest point–just big enough for you to fit in your mouth without choking on it!

The best way to tell if a bean is good or bad is by its colour: Darker shades like browns tend toward bitterness while lighter ones like greens will produce sweeter results when roasted properly before brewing into coffee grounds with hot water.

Quality espresso

So, you’ve got your favourite espresso and you’re ready to try something new. You’re not exactly sure what to look for in a quality cup of coffee, though. Don’t worry!

Hario brewing method

Here are some tips for determining whether or not the espresso is good:

  • Look at how long it takes to pull a shot of espresso–the longer it takes, the better quality it will be (this applies mostly to manual machines).
  • If there’s no foam on top of your drink or if there’s too much foam, this means that something went wrong during the brewing process and/or extraction time was too short/long respectively.

How to make espresso?

You’ve heard about espresso, but you don’t know how to make it at home. It sounds complicated, right? Well, not so much. All you need is a couple of staple items, a little patience, and a willingness to experiment with different techniques.

Making espresso involves the use of an espresso machine. Here are the steps to make espresso:

  1. Fill the water tank of the espresso machine with fresh, cold water and turn on the machine to allow it to heat up.
  2. Grind your coffee beans to a fine consistency, specifically for espresso. This ensures that the water can pass through the coffee grounds quickly and effectively.
  3. Tamp the coffee grounds into the portafilter with a tamper. Apply pressure and twist the tamper to ensure the grounds are tightly packed into the portafilter.
  4. Lock the portafilter into the espresso machine and place a preheated espresso cup underneath the spout.
  5. Once the machine is heated, press the button or lever to start the brewing process.
  6. The espresso should start pouring into the cup. Watch the colour and consistency of the espresso to ensure it is the desired strength and volume.
  7. Once the espresso has finished pouring, turn off the machine and remove the portafilter.
  8. Discard the used coffee grounds and rinse the portafilter and other parts of the machine as needed.
  9. Enjoy your freshly brewed espresso as it is, or add milk or sugar to taste.

Note: It may take some practice to get the perfect espresso shot, so don’t be discouraged if your first few attempts are not perfect.

How hard do you need to tamp the coffee grounds for making espresso?

When making espresso, tamping is an important step in preparing the coffee grounds for extraction. The purpose of tamping is to compress the coffee grounds evenly into the espresso machine’s portafilter basket, which helps to ensure that the water flows through the grounds at a consistent rate and extracts the flavours and aromas from the coffee beans.

In terms of how hard you should tamp the coffee grounds, there is no one-size-fits-all answer as it can depend on a few factors such as the type of espresso machine, the size of the portafilter basket, and the roast of the coffee beans.

As a general guideline, the coffee grounds should be tamped with enough pressure to create a level, compact bed of coffee that is slightly resistant when the machine’s water is forced through it. A good rule of thumb is to apply around 30 pounds of pressure, which is roughly the weight of a tamper.

However, it’s important not to apply too much pressure, as this can lead to over-extraction and a bitter-tasting espresso. Likewise, if you don’t apply enough pressure, the water may flow through the grounds too quickly, resulting in a weak and watery shot.

Ultimately, the best approach is to experiment with different tamping pressures and grind sizes until you find the perfect balance for your equipment and taste preferences.

What is an espresso grind setting?

An espresso grind setting refers to the specific level of fineness to which coffee beans are ground for use in an espresso machine. The grind setting is one of the most critical factors in producing a good espresso, as it determines the rate of extraction and the resulting flavour profile of the shot.

Espresso grind is much finer than regular drip coffee grind, and the consistency of the grind is also essential for producing a good shot. Typically, the espresso grind is fine and powdery, similar in texture to table salt or slightly finer. The precise grind setting required can vary depending on the specific type of espresso machine, the type of coffee beans being used, and the desired flavour profile.

Most espresso grinders have a range of grind settings that can be adjusted to produce a finer or coarser grind, allowing baristas to experiment with different settings until they find the ideal setting for their particular setup. It’s important to note that even small changes in the grind setting can have a significant impact on the quality of the espresso shot, so it’s crucial to take the time to find the optimal setting.

An espresso grind setting is the fineness of your coffee beans, measured in microns. The smaller the number, the coarser your coffee will be–and vice versa. If you’re using a manual burr grinder (like we recommend), it’s easy to adjust: just turn the knob until it stops at your desired setting for each type of brew method you want to use.

Here are some examples:

  • Fine grind = 15-18 microns (for pour-over)
  • Medium grind = 18-21 microns (for press pot)
  • Coarse grind = 21-23 microns (espresso)

Best budget coffee grinder for espresso

When it comes to espresso, it’s important to have a consistent grind size to ensure proper extraction. While there are many great coffee grinders on the market, here are some of the best budget options for espresso:

  1. Baratza Encore – The Baratza Encore is a great entry-level coffee grinder that offers consistent grinds and a wide range of settings. While it’s not specifically designed for espresso, it can still produce a fine enough grind for espresso if paired with a good espresso machine.
  2. Capresso Infinity – The Capresso Infinity is another great option for those on a budget. It features a conical burr grinder and 16 different grind settings, making it versatile enough to be used for espresso and other brew methods.
  3. Cuisinart DBM-8 Supreme Grind Automatic Burr Mill – While not specifically designed for espresso, the Cuisinart DBM-8 offers a wide range of grind settings and a consistent grind, making it a good option for those on a budget who want to experiment with espresso.

It’s worth noting that while these grinders are great for those on a budget, they may not produce the same quality of grind as more expensive espresso-specific grinders. However, they’re a great starting point for those just getting into espresso and can still produce a delicious cup of coffee.

Espresso ratio – shot size in millilitres (ml)

Espresso shots are typically served in a 1:1 ratio. The amount of water used will vary depending on your preferred strength and the type of coffee you’re making, but it’s usually somewhere between 28-38ml (1-1.3oz).

Espresso shot size in ml: This can be calculated by taking your gram weight and dividing it by 10,000g (the standard unit for measuring mass). For example, 30g/9000 = 0.033333 millilitres per gram * Espresso shot size in oz: This can be calculated by taking your cubic centimetre volume and dividing it by 1cc/03937 cubic inches (or 03937 litres). For example, 28ml/900cu cm/.034 cu ft = 028oz/03937 litres * Espresso shot size in grams: To get the weight of an espresso shot uses the following formula; Mass x Gravity = Weight where Mass is equal to density x volume, which we’ve already worked out above so now all we need to do is plug those values into our equation!

Shot of espresso in oz

A shot of espresso typically measures about 1 fluid ounce (oz). However, some variations in the amount of liquid used to make a shot of espresso exist, and depending on the specific coffee shop or region, it could range from 0.75 to 2 ounces. Nevertheless, the standard measure for a shot of espresso is 1 oz.

How much caffeine is in a cup of espresso?

The caffeine content of espresso depends on the type of coffee bean used to make it. Espresso is made from a higher-quality coffee bean, which means that it has more caffeine than regular brewed coffee.

The amount of caffeine in a cup of espresso varies based on how much liquid you drink and the size of your shot (called “shots” when referring to espresso). The standard serving size for an Americano would be 8 ounces, so if you order one with 2 shots instead of 1 shot then that would give you double the amount of caffeine per serving (1 ounce = 1/8 cup).

Is espresso stronger than regular coffee?

Espresso is typically stronger than regular drip coffee in terms of its concentration of caffeine and flavour, but it’s important to note that “strength” can refer to different things when it comes to coffee.

Espresso is brewed by forcing pressurized hot water through finely-ground coffee beans, resulting in a concentrated shot of coffee that is typically around 1 to 2 ounces in volume. Drip coffee, on the other hand, is made by pouring hot water over coarsely ground coffee beans, allowing the water to drip through a filter and into a pot or carafe.

Espresso has a higher concentration of caffeine per ounce than regular coffee due to the smaller serving size and the fact that the water is forced through the grounds at high pressure, extracting more caffeine and other compounds from the coffee beans. However, if you compare the caffeine content of a typical serving size of espresso (1 to 2 ounces) to a typical serving size of drip coffee (8 to 12 ounces), the total amount of caffeine in a cup of drip coffee may actually be higher.

In terms of flavour, espresso is often described as having a stronger, more intense flavour than regular coffee due to the concentrated extraction process. However, this can vary depending on the type of beans used, the roast level, and the brewing method.

Overall, while espresso is generally considered stronger than regular coffee in terms of concentration of caffeine and flavour, the definition of “strength” can vary depending on the context and serving size.

Is espresso healthy or unhealthy?

Espresso is a type of coffee that is made by forcing hot water through finely-ground coffee beans under high pressure. While espresso is generally considered safe for consumption, whether it is healthy or unhealthy for you depends on various factors such as your overall health, how much you consume, and how you prepare it.

Here are some potential health benefits and risks of consuming espresso:

Potential benefits:

  • Antioxidants: Espresso contains antioxidants, which are substances that protect the body from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals.
  • Energy boost: Espresso can provide a temporary energy boost due to its caffeine content, which can help improve mental alertness and concentration.
  • Reduced risk of certain diseases: Some studies suggest that moderate coffee consumption, including espresso, may reduce the risk of certain diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, type 2 diabetes, and liver cancer.

Potential risks:

  • Caffeine-related side effects: Consuming too much caffeine can cause side effects such as increased heart rate, jitteriness, and insomnia.
  • Acid reflux: Espresso can be acidic and may cause acid reflux in some people.
  • Additives: Many people add sugar, cream, or other additives to their espresso, which can increase the calorie and sugar content and negate any potential health benefits.

Overall, moderate consumption of espresso is unlikely to be harmful to most people and may even provide some health benefits. However, excessive consumption or adding unhealthy additives can be detrimental to your health.

Does espresso contain any sugar?

Espresso, by itself, does not contain any sugar. However, it is important to note that some coffee shops and cafes may add sugar or syrup to their espresso drinks, such as a caramel latte or a mocha, to enhance the flavour and sweetness. Therefore, if you are concerned about sugar intake, it is always a good idea to ask the barista about the ingredients used in your espresso drink.

Espresso coffee sugar

Espresso headache

An “espresso headache” is a type of headache that some people experience after consuming espresso or other strong coffee. It is believed to be caused by the caffeine in the coffee, which can cause blood vessels in the brain to constrict, leading to a headache.

To alleviate an espresso headache, the best course of action is to reduce caffeine intake. This can be done by drinking water or herbal tea, getting some rest, or taking over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

It’s also important to note that excessive caffeine consumption can lead to other negative health effects, such as anxiety, insomnia, and digestive problems. Therefore, it’s generally recommended to limit caffeine intake to no more than 400mg per day (equivalent to about four cups of brewed coffee).

How many espresso cups should I drink per day?

The recommended amount of espresso cups to drink per day can vary based on a few factors, such as your individual tolerance to caffeine and any underlying health conditions you may have. However, as a general guideline, it is recommended to consume no more than 400 milligrams of caffeine per day for most healthy adults, which is roughly equivalent to 4 cups of coffee or 8 shots of espresso.

Espresso cups are typically smaller than regular coffee cups, and one shot of espresso contains about 63 milligrams of caffeine on average. Therefore, you could consume up to 4 shots of espresso per day to stay within the recommended daily limit of caffeine.

Drinking espresso

It’s important to note that excessive caffeine intake can lead to negative effects such as anxiety, jitteriness, insomnia, and an increased heart rate. Additionally, if you have any medical conditions or take medications that may interact with caffeine, you should consult with your healthcare provider about how much caffeine is safe for you to consume.

What are some espresso alternatives?

If you’re looking for alternatives to espresso, there are several options to consider. Here are a few:

  1. Americano: This is a simple alternative to espresso. It’s made by adding hot water to a shot of espresso, which dilutes the strength of the coffee and creates a milder taste.
  2. Drip coffee: Drip coffee is a popular alternative to espresso. It’s made by pouring hot water over ground coffee beans and letting the water filter through a paper or metal filter into a carafe.
  3. French press: French press coffee is made by steeping coffee grounds in hot water, and then pressing the plunger down to separate the coffee from the grounds. The resulting coffee is strong and full-bodied.
  4. Cold brew: Cold brew coffee is made by steeping coffee grounds in cold water for 12-24 hours. The resulting coffee is smooth and less acidic than regular coffee.
  5. Moka pot: A Moka pot is a stovetop coffee maker that uses pressure to brew coffee. It produces a strong, rich coffee that is similar in taste and strength to espresso.
  6. AeroPress: AeroPress is a manual coffee maker that uses air pressure to brew coffee. It produces a clean, smooth cup of coffee that is similar in strength to drip coffee.
  7. Turkish coffee: Turkish coffee is made by boiling finely ground coffee beans in water and serving the resulting coffee grounds in a cup. It’s a strong and flavorful coffee that is typically served with sugar.

Preparing coffee alkaline

Preparing coffee to be alkaline requires a few extra steps beyond simply brewing a cup of coffee. Here’s how you can make alkaline coffee:


  • Coffee beans
  • Filtered water
  • 1 teaspoon of baking soda
  • Milk or non-dairy alternative (optional)


  1. Grind your coffee beans and prepare them for brewing.
  2. Add the ground coffee to your coffee maker, and add filtered water.
  3. Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda to the coffee maker before brewing. The baking soda will help to neutralize the acidity of the coffee and make it more alkaline.
  4. Brew your coffee as usual.
  5. Once the coffee is brewed, you can add milk or a non-dairy alternative if you like. This step is optional, but adding milk can help to further reduce the acidity of the coffee.
  6. Enjoy your alkaline coffee!

Note: It’s important to remember that coffee is naturally acidic, and while adding baking soda can help to reduce the acidity, it won’t completely eliminate it. Also, adding too much baking soda can affect the taste of the coffee, so it’s best to start with a small amount and adjust to your taste preferences.

Espresso recipes

Espresso recipes are a huge part of the culture surrounding coffee. There’s nothing like sitting down in your favourite coffee shop, watching the barista make your order, and then enjoying that delicious beverage. But what if you want to try something different? We’ve got you covered with these espresso recipes.

Espresso mixed drinks

Turbo Shot

Espresso turbo shot refers to a type of espresso drink that is made by adding an extra shot of espresso to a regular espresso shot. This results in a stronger and more concentrated espresso with a higher caffeine content.

Some coffee shops and cafes offer espresso turbo shots as an add-on option to regular espresso drinks, allowing customers to customize the strength of their coffee according to their preferences. It’s important to note that consuming too much caffeine can have negative health effects, so it’s recommended to consume espresso turbo shots in moderation.

Espresso Martini

To make an Espresso Martini, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 1 1/2 oz vodka
  • 1 oz freshly brewed espresso
  • 3/4 oz simple syrup
  • Ice
  • Coffee beans (optional)

Here are the steps to make an Espresso Martini:

  1. Brew a shot of espresso and let it cool to room temperature.
  2. In a cocktail shaker, add ice, vodka, cooled espresso, and simple syrup.
  3. Shake vigorously for about 10-15 seconds until well combined and chilled.
  4. Strain the mixture into a chilled martini glass.
  5. Garnish with a few coffee beans on top (optional).

Your Espresso Martini is now ready to enjoy!

Baileys Espresso


  • 1 shot of espresso
  • 2 shots of Baileys Irish Cream
  • Mix, serve over ice and enjoy!

If you’re looking for a great way to drink your coffee, this is it. This Baileys Irish Cream Coffee is a delicious twist on the classic coffee cocktail that everyone loves!

Espresso Macchiato

Espresso Macchiato

An espresso macchiato is a delicious coffee beverage that is made by adding a small amount of steamed milk to a shot of espresso. Here are the steps to make an espresso macchiato:


  • 1 shot of espresso (1-2 fl oz)
  • 1-2 tablespoons of steamed milk
  • Optional: sweetener (sugar, honey, etc.)


  1. Prepare your espresso shot. This can be done using an espresso machine, or you can use a stovetop espresso maker.
  2. Steam your milk. You only need a small amount of milk for an espresso macchiato, so you can use the steam wand on your espresso machine or a small handheld milk frother. Heat the milk until it is hot and frothy.
  3. Pour the steamed milk into the espresso shot. Hold a spoon just above the surface of the espresso and pour the milk over the spoon. This will help create a layered effect and prevent the milk from mixing too much with the espresso.
  4. Optional: Add sweetener to taste.
  5. Serve immediately and enjoy!

Note: Espresso macchiatos are typically served in small cups, as they are meant to be enjoyed as a strong and concentrated shot of coffee.

Espresso Tonic

Espresso tonic is a refreshing and easy-to-make drink that combines the bold flavour of espresso with the bubbly texture of tonic water. Here’s how you can make it:


  • 1 shot of espresso
  • 4-6 ounces of tonic water
  • Ice
  • Lemon or lime wedge (optional)


  1. Brew a shot of espresso using an espresso machine or a Moka pot.
  2. Fill a glass with ice.
  3. Pour the shot of espresso over the ice.
  4. Add the tonic water to the glass, pouring it slowly to avoid excessive fizzing.
  5. Stir gently to combine the espresso and tonic water.
  6. Add a squeeze of lemon or lime juice to enhance the drink’s flavour, if desired.
  7. Enjoy your refreshing espresso tonic!

You can also experiment with different types of tonic water or add some syrup for sweetness, depending on your taste preferences.

Espresso Freddo

Espresso Freddo is a delicious cold coffee beverage that originates from Italy. It is made with a shot of espresso and served over ice. Here’s how you can make Espresso Freddo at home:


  • 1 shot of espresso
  • Ice cubes
  • Cold water
  • Simple syrup (optional)


  1. Brew a shot of espresso using your preferred brewing method. If you don’t have an espresso machine, you can use a stovetop espresso maker or a French press to make a strong coffee concentrate.
  2. Fill a glass with ice cubes.
  3. Pour the shot of espresso over the ice.
  4. Add cold water to fill the glass and stir gently.
  5. If you like your coffee sweet, you can add simple syrup to taste.
  6. Serve and enjoy your delicious Espresso Freddo!


  • Use good quality coffee beans for a rich and flavorful Espresso Freddo.
  • If you don’t have simple syrup, you can use sugar or honey to sweeten your coffee.
  • You can garnish your Espresso Freddo with a slice of lemon or orange for a refreshing twist.

Cold brew with espresso

To make cold brew with espresso, you’ll need the following ingredients and equipment:


  • 1/2 cup coarsely ground coffee
  • 2 shots of espresso
  • 4 cups cold water
  • Ice


  • Large jar or container with lid
  • Fine mesh strainer
  • Coffee filter or cheesecloth
  • Pitcher or carafe
  • Espresso machine or Moka pot (optional)


  1. Start by preparing your cold brew concentrate. In a large jar or container with a lid, combine the coarsely ground coffee and 4 cups of cold water. Stir to make sure all of the coffee is wet. Cover and let the mixture sit at room temperature for 12-24 hours, depending on how strong you want your concentrate to be.
  2. Once the cold brew concentrate is ready, strain it through a fine mesh strainer into a pitcher or carafe. You can also use a coffee filter or cheesecloth to remove any remaining grounds.
  3. Make 2 shots of espresso using an espresso machine or Moka pot. Let the espresso cool to room temperature.
  4. Add the cooled espresso to the cold brew concentrate and stir to combine.
  5. Fill a glass with ice and pour the cold brew espresso mixture over it.
  6. Serve and enjoy!

You can adjust the strength of the cold brew espresso mixture by adding more or less espresso to the concentrate. You can also add milk, cream, or sweetener if desired.

Espresso Doppio (2 shots of espresso)

I’ve always been a fan of the Doppio. It’s like a little shot of espresso, just for you. You can drink it on its own or add milk, ice cream and/or whipped cream to create something even more delicious!

Double espresso coffee

Espresso with vanilla ice cream

Ingredients and instructions:

Note: You can use fresh espresso or leftover espresso to make this drink.

  • Add a shot of espresso to a cup of vanilla ice cream. If you’re using leftover espresso, dilute it with hot water before adding it to the ice cream.
  • Sprinkle chocolate shavings on top for added flavour and presentation!

Espresso machines and brewing methods

Espresso machines are specialized devices designed to produce espresso by forcing hot water through finely-ground coffee beans. The water temperature in this process is really important when it comes to shaping your espresso cup of coffee.

Espresso coffee temperature

There are different types of espresso machines and brewing methods that can affect the taste, aroma, and texture of the coffee. Here are some of the main types of espresso machines and brewing methods:

  1. Semi-automatic espresso machines: These machines allow you to control the amount of water and the extraction time, which can affect the strength and flavour of the espresso shot. The user needs to grind the coffee beans, tamp the coffee grounds, and start and stop the brewing process manually.
  2. Automatic espresso machines: These machines automate some of the brewing steps, such as water temperature, pressure, and extraction time, to produce consistent espresso shots. The user still needs to grind the coffee beans and tamp the coffee grounds.
  3. Super-automatic espresso machines: These machines are fully automated and do everything for you, from grinding the coffee beans to frothing the milk. They are convenient but can be expensive.
  4. Pod espresso machines: These machines use pre-packaged coffee pods that contain the right amount of coffee and are easy to use. They are convenient but can be expensive in the long run.
  5. Stovetop espresso makers: These are traditional Italian-style espresso makers that are placed on a stovetop and use steam pressure to brew the coffee. They are inexpensive and easy to use, but the quality of the espresso shot may not be as consistent as with other methods.
  6. Manual espresso makers: These are hand-operated devices that require some skill and practice to use but can produce high-quality espresso shots. They are often portable and can be a good option for camping or travel.

Each brewing method can produce a different flavour profile, so it’s worth experimenting with different types of machines and methods to find the one that suits your taste preferences.

Barista competitions

Barista competitions are events in which professional baristas showcase their skills in preparing and serving coffee. These competitions provide a platform for baristas to demonstrate their knowledge, creativity, and technical abilities to judges and coffee enthusiasts.

Barista coffee competition

The most well-known barista competition is the World Barista Championship (WBC), which has been held annually since 2000. The WBC is organized by the World Coffee Events (WCE) and brings together national champions from around the world to compete for the title of World Barista Champion.

Competitors in barista competitions are judged on various aspects of their coffee preparation, including taste, presentation, technical skills, and creativity. They may be required to prepare and serve a range of coffee drinks, such as espresso, cappuccino, and latte, and are also expected to have knowledge about coffee sourcing, roasting, and brewing techniques.

In addition to the WBC, there are also other national and regional barista competitions that take place throughout the year. These competitions offer baristas the opportunity to showcase their skills on a smaller scale and to network with other coffee professionals in their region.

Best Italian Espresso Brands


Lavazza is an Italian coffee company that was founded in Turin in 1895 by Luigi Lavazza. It is one of the world’s largest coffee roasters and is known for its high-quality coffee blends. Lavazza sources its coffee beans from all over the world and has a wide range of products including ground coffee, whole-bean coffee, and coffee pods. The company also produces coffee machines and accessories. Lavazza is a family-owned company and has been run by the Lavazza family for four generations. The company is committed to sustainability and has launched several initiatives to reduce its environmental impact and support coffee farmers around the world.


Cialde is a well-known Italian coffee brand that produces a wide variety of coffee products, including coffee pods, capsules, and ground coffee. The company is based in Milan, Italy, and is known for its high-quality coffee blends that are popular among coffee lovers worldwide.

Cialde’s coffee pods and capsules are compatible with popular coffee machines like Nespresso, Lavazza, and Caffitaly. They offer a range of coffee blends, including espresso, lungo, and decaf, as well as flavoured coffees like hazelnut and vanilla.

In addition to coffee pods and capsules, Cialde also produces ground coffee in various blends, including 100% Arabica and espresso blends.

Overall, Cialde is a well-respected Italian coffee brand that produces high-quality coffee products that are enjoyed by coffee lovers around the world.


Vergnano is an Italian coffee brand that was founded in 1882 by brothers Carlo, Giovanni, and Antonio Vergnano in the small town of Chieri, located in the Piedmont region of Italy. The company has remained family-owned and operated for five generations and is well-known for producing high-quality coffee blends using traditional methods.

Vergnano sources its coffee beans from various regions around the world, including South America, Central America, and Africa, and roasts them in Italy using traditional drum roasting techniques. The company offers a wide range of coffee blends, including whole bean, ground, and single-serve options, as well as espresso pods and capsules.

Vergnano is also committed to sustainable and ethical practices, including supporting local communities and farmers, reducing waste, and using environmentally friendly packaging. The brand has a strong presence in Italy and is distributed internationally in various countries.


Cellini is a coffee brand that was founded in Italy in 1925. The company produces high-quality coffee blends that are made from 100% Arabica beans sourced from various regions around the world. Cellini offers a range of coffee products, including ground coffee, whole-bean coffee, and coffee pods.

Cellini prides itself on its attention to detail, from the selection of the beans to the roasting process, to ensure that each cup of coffee is of the highest quality. The company’s blends are named after Italian cities, such as Roma, Napoli, and Venezia, and are designed to capture the unique flavour profiles of each region.

In addition to its traditional coffee products, Cellini also offers a range of espresso machines and accessories for home use, allowing customers to create an authentic Italian coffee experience in their own homes. Overall, Cellini is a well-respected coffee brand that has built a reputation for producing high-quality, authentic Italian coffee products.

Espresso in Switzerland

Switzerland has a rich coffee culture and espresso is a popular drink among the Swiss people.

In Switzerland, there are many coffee shops, cafes, and restaurants that serve espresso. Some of the most popular coffee chains in Switzerland include Starbucks, Nespresso, and illy, but there are also many independent cafes that offer a unique and personalized coffee experience.

One unique aspect of Swiss espresso culture is the tradition of the “Ristretto,” which is a shorter and more concentrated shot of espresso. Ristretto is often preferred by the Swiss people for its stronger flavour and thicker crema.

In addition to espresso, Swiss coffee culture also includes other coffee drinks such as cappuccino, latte, and macchiato. These drinks are typically served with a small biscuit or a piece of chocolate on the side.

Overall, espresso culture is an important part of Swiss cuisine and daily life, and it is enjoyed by both locals and tourists alike.


If you’re looking to buy an espresso machine, it’s important that you know what type of coffee drinker you are. If you love strong, dark-roast coffees that pack a punch, then maybe an espresso machine isn’t for you. However, if you want something light and refreshing that still packs flavour without all the acidity of regular coffee drinks like lattes or cappuccinos – then this guide was made just for you!

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